November

General Maintenance

  • Continue digging on clay soils when it’s not too wet.
  • Keep adding to the compost heap, any woody material will need shredding or chopping up as small as possible to help it rot down faster.
  • Check gardening tools for wear and tear, clean, sharpen and smear with oil before they are rested for the winter.
  • Check down pipes off sheds and greenhouses for blockages and clean gutters of leaves.
  • Cover the compost heap/bin, although the material wants to be damp excessive rain or snow will soak the material and slow the rotting process.
  • Clean pots and trays in readiness for next spring.

Vegetables

  • Net brassicas against hungry pigeons and the likes.
  • Pick Brussels Sprouts starting from the bottom and removing the lower leaves.
  • Harvest Parsnips after the first frost (this is said make them taste better).
  • Prepare the Onion bed for next spring. Onions like a firm soil so preparations now allows the soil to settle over winter.
  • Harvest Leeks as wanted, if they have been blanched using tubes check that they are stable enough to stand up against the winter winds.
  • Propagate Rhubarb by lifting and dividing the crowns in to smaller pieces.

Fruit

  • Begin winter pruning of Apples and Pears once the leaves have fallen.
  • Prune Gooseberries and Currants.
  • Top dress soft fruit with a layer of organic matter.
  • Take hard wood cuttings of soft fruit.
  • Plant new trees as they are available and the soil is still relatively warm.
  • Place guards around the fruit tree trunks if rabbits are a problem.

Greenhouse

  • Clean the greenhouse once all summer crops are finished.
  • Ventilate on warmer days to aid the growth of over wintering crops.
  • Be sparing with watering as crops will be growing very slowly.
  • Sow greenhouse varieties of lettuce and salad leaves.